Our grading system explained
- Expedition Grade
Argentina is an immense and contrasting country with its vast open plains, towering Andean mountains, dazzling Patagonian landscapes and the vibrant capital of Buenos Aires. The cultural roots of Argentina lie with its European settlers and are reflected in the arts, architecture and lifestyle of the people; the tango remains the musical heartbeat of the country echoing the passions of the people. Passion is also evident in the Argentine love of sport (particularly football) as well as food and wine, with the superb quality of Argentine beef and red wine renowned the world over.
The 8th largest country in the world, Argentina stretches some 3,800km from north to south and 1,425km across. It is bordered by Chile, Uruguay, Paraguay and Bolivia as well as the South Atlantic Ocean along its eastern shoreline. The west of Argentina is dominated by the Andes mountain range, the high point of which is Aconcagua; the highest peak outside of the Himalaya at 6,959M. The central or eastern parts of Argentina are made up almost entirely of flat or gently undulating plains. This vast country can be divided into several distinct geographical and climatic regions including the tropical northwest, the dry temperate climate of the central sierras, the fertile pampas and Patagonia – the largest, most scenic and coldest of all the geographic zones.
The diverse landscapes of Argentina are never more dramatic than in the region of Patagonia which lies in the southern tip of the continent and is shared with Chile. The Patagonian Andean mountains are mainly granite and have been sculpted by over 12 million years of glacial action into turquoise lakes, tumbling glaciers and jagged rock towers such as the iconic peaks of Cerro Torre and Fitzroy. The Los Glaciers National Park is an excellent base for seeing the many wonders of Patagonia, for it combines stunning scenery and abundant wildlife with excellent opportunities for trekking and other outdoor activities.
Together with the similarly stunning scenery of Chilean Patagonia, these wondorous landscapes of Argentina can be enjoyed to the full on our Complete Patagonia - Paine & Fitz Roy walking holiday.
At the southernmost tip of Patagonia is the archipelago of Tierra del Fuego and the small city of Ushuaia. Regarded as the most southerly city in the world, Ushuaia is the setting off point for cruises to Antarctica. We offer three thrilling Antarctic cruises onboard the well-equipped polar cruise ship the M/S Expedition: Quest for the Antarctic Circle; Spirit of Shackleton; and Antarctica Classic.
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